Ancient City Ujjain

27.2 06 Feb 2023

  • Ujjain is known as the temple city for its numerous temples from different eras
  • The world's largest religious gathering, Simhastha (Kumbha Mela), is held on the banks of the Shipra river once in every 12 years
  • Ujjain is considered the greenwich of india, with the first meridian of longitude passing through it
  • The Shri Ram Ghat, also known as Ram ghat, is the most ancient bathing ghat
  • Legend has it that Lord Krishna did his schooling from Sandipani Ashram in Ujjain.

Ancient City Ujjain

Ujjain is one of those divine lands in Madhya Pradesh where you do not just feel solitude but also sink in the divinity that calms your soul. The holy city hosts one of the largest religious gatherings in the world, Simhastha (Kumbh Mela), which takes place once every 12 years on the banks of the Shipra river. 

Also known as the temple town of Madhya Pradesh, the city is home to more than 100 temples and numerous pilgrimage sites of different eras. The list is endless when it comes to places to visit and things to do in Ujjain. 

Places To Visit In Ujjain

Mahakaleshwar Ujjain

The biggest attraction of Ujjain is the Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga Temple. It is one of the 12 jyotirlingas, where Bhasma aarti is a daily ritual that you must not miss and this is what Ujjain is famous for. The process begins with the 'Abhishek' or the ritual bath of the shivling then smearing it with multiple offerings like curd, honey, sandal paste and finally cleaning it with milk and water. Finally, the Shiva linga is decorated with ash and shringaar material.  To attend the Bhasma aarti, make sure to go through the prior registration process from the authorized website https://shrimahakaleshwar.com/

According to ancient legends, the foundation of the temple was laid by the Lord Brahma (God of Creation). It was considered by historians that there was no Shikhara on the top of the temple till Gupta period. However, later on, a shikhara was constructed and it enhanced the beauty of the temple. 

Mahakal Lok Corridor

To develop tourism, preserve ancient heritage, and provide world-class modern facilities to the pilgrims, the 'Mahakal Lok' project has been implemented in Ujjain.

The length of the Mahakal Lok Corridor is more than 900 meters. It is surrounded by the old Rudrasagar Lake, which is also a part of the development project. Once you enter the corridor, you will see 108 pillars, around 200 statues, and murals that display stories of Shiva.

Kal Bhairav Temple

By crossing the bridge over the Shipra river, close to Bhagirathi caves, you'll reach the very famous Kal Bhairav temple. The devotion toward the ashta bhairava or eight attendants of Lord Shiva is an integral part of Shiva Bhakti (devotional worship) in Ujjain and since Kal Bhairav is chief among those eight, this temple is particularly important in the town.

The temple is believed to be built by King Bhadrasen of Mahismati, now Maheshwar. The significance of the temple is mentioned in the Hindu scriptures like Avanti Khanda of the Skanda Purana. The offering to the deity includes flowers, coconut, incense and especially liquor. One can purchase the offerings from the shops out of the temple premises and can hand it to the priest in the garbhagriha. The priest then offers half of the liquor to the idol of Kal Bhairava and returns the rest to the devotee as prashad.

Bada Ganapati Temple

The temple is located next to the campus of Mahakal Temple on the path leading to Harsiddhi Temple. It houses a gigantic 4 meters tall statue of Lord Ganesha. There is also a four-faced brass idol of Lord Vishnu in the inner chamber.

Harsiddhi Temple

Goddess Annapurna is seated between the idols of Mahalaxmi and Mahasaraswati in the temple. Being the significant deity worshiped in the temple, the goddess Annapurna is painted in vibrant vermilion. The pillars in the Ardhamandapa of the temple date back to the 11th century exhibiting their antiquity. The present temple was restored during the Maratha period and two soaring deepastambhas, each adorned with 1008 lamps, were made to stand outside the entrance. The glory of the lamps is best sighted during Navaratri festival which is celebrated with much zeal in Ujjain. 

Ved Shala

The sacred city of New Ujjain is home to Jantar Mantar or Vedh Shala. Maharaja Jai Singh II, also known as Sawai Jai Singh constructed an observatory in 1725 that included 13 architectural astronomical instruments. He constructed five observatories in the eighteenth century in the north Indian cities of Shahjahanabad (Delhi), Jaipur, Ujjain, Mathura, and Varanasi.  One of these five observatories, the Vedshala, was constructed while he served as the governor of Ujjain. Vedh Shala was built with the intention of determining eclipses, local time, height (of the location), as well as the declination of the Sun, stars, and planets.

Best time to visit Ujjain

Ujjain can be explored anytime in the year. However, the best time to visit Ujjain is during festivals like Mahashivratri, Mondays of Savan month, Nag Panchami and especially during Kartik Mela (yearly) and Kumbh Mela (once in 12 years). 

How to reach Ujjain?

By Air: The closest airport is Devi Ahilya Bai International Airport, Indore at a distance of 55 km, which is well connected through regular flights to major cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Pune, Bhopal, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Nagpur, Raipur, and Kolkata.

By Rail: The Ujjain railway station is located in the heart of the town. It is connected to all the major cities within the state as well as the rest of the country with both commuter and express trains. The main bus stand at Dewas Gate is located 600 meters from the railway station.

By Road: Both private and state-operated direct buses ply between Ujjain and Indore, Omkareshwar, Maheshwar, Burhanpur, Dhar and Bhopal. There are two main bus stands in the city. The Dewas Gate bus stand is at the heart of the town from where one can easily hire other modes of transport as well, including auto-rickshaws, tempos and cycle rickshaws or cabs. The other bus stand, Nanakheda Bus Terminus is at a distance of approximately 5 kilometers.

Craft trail - Madhya Pradesh

Indore - Maheshwar - Mandu - Bagh -Ujjain - Neemuch &

Read Story ...

The legend of Simhastha

The Simhastha Kumbh is a celebration like no other in India. It is celebrated when Jupiter

Read Story ...

The Ultimate Gurudakshina

The Sandipani Ashram in Ujjain is known to be the place where Lord Krishna, Balram and Suda

Read Story ...

Dhrupad Style: A Soulful Genre of Hindustani Classical Music

From

Read Story ...

Bhasm Aarti at Mahakaleshwar, Ujjain- A Divine Experience not to be Missed

Bhasm Aarti of Mahakal is one of the main attractions at

Read Story ...

10 Best Tourist Places to visit in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh

Ujjain is an ancient city of innumerable temples and countless divine legends and tales. Lo

Read Story ...

Top 5 Destinations to Shop Sarees in Madhya Pradesh

In the tiny lanes of Madhya Pradesh, often a new st

Read Story ...

5 Must Visit Shiva Temples and Jyotirlingas in Madhya Pradesh During Shivratri

Mahashivratri is celebrated with utmost zeal and al

Read Story ...

Shree Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga Temple in Ujjain | All You Need To Know

Shri Mahakaleshwar Temple also known as Mahakal temple in Ujjain is a renowned Hindu temple

Read Story ...

Beyond Mahakal - Other Things to Explore in Ujjain

Shining like a gem in the

Read Story ...

Skydiving Festival 2023

If you want to jump from the open sky then get ready.Opportunity to dive

Know More ...

Visit Mahakal Lok

Visitors can enjoy the grandeur of the Mahakal Lok, where the grand and beautiful statues installed in the corridor depict the mythological stories of Lord Shiva.

Buy Batik at Behrugarh Village

Behrugarh Village is a hub of Batik printing on sarees, scarves, sheets, etc. for hundreds of years.

Kanghi Mohalla

Explore Kangi Mohallah, home to traditional comb makers, who have kept the art of making wooden combs alive.

Annakshetra at Mahakaleshwar Ujjain

Annakshetra at Mahakaleshwar temple in Ujjain has been offering appetising satvik food for free of cost to its devotees every day.

Triveni Museum

Enter into the world of arts & aesthetics, a world of beauty and beliefs, mythical narratives, serene hermitages which were the custodians of intellectual property of India and alma mater of the Gods worshipped.

Best Places to visit

Gopal Mandir

Harsiddhi Temple

Kal Bhairav Temple

Mahakaleshwar Temple

Mangalnath Temple

View All Places Of Interest

View All Places Of Interest

ACCOMMODATIONS

MPT

MPT Avantika, Ujjain

Price: INR 200 - 2590 Phone: (0755) 2511398 , 8349994790

View Details

View Details

MPT

MPT Shipra Residency, Ujjain

Price: INR 2490 - 4590 Phone: (0755) 2551495-96 / 2552402

View Details

View Details

Nearby destinations

Yummy Indore (54 KM)

A trading hub between the Deccan and Delhi in the 16th century, the city of Indore was discovered by Rao Nandlal Chaudhary in mid-1710. Rani Ahilya Bai Holkar, with her keen interest in education and

Explore

Explore

Magnificent Maheshwar (154 KM)

Situated on the banks of river Narmada, Maheshwar appeals to both, the pilgrim as well as the tourist in you. The town possesses a treasure trove of beautiful temples that calm the soul, alongside

Explore

Explore

Travel tools

Best Season To Visit

Best Season To Visit

The best time to visit Ujjain is from July to April.