Panna - Roaring success of tiger conservation
Panna, one of the largest Tiger Reserves of India, was on the verge of failing its purpose in the year 2009. That year, a study by the Wildlife Institute of India showed that Panna had only one male tiger left. From a boast-worthy 24 tigers and tigresses to an alarming one male tiger; Panna had lost its charm.
This is when the experts at Panna Tiger Reserve decided to adopt an interesting technique – Tiger Relocation. They decided to bring two tigresses, T1 from Kanha and T2 from Bandhavgarh, with a hope that the lone male tiger of Panna would mate with these two. Sadly, that tiger went missing. Panna was at its darkest moment. But the experts were adamant on bringing back the glory to the Tiger Reserve. That’s why, they brought a male tiger, T3 from Pench.
The initial few days were filled with anxiety because tigers, like most animals, don’t react positlively to relocation. They might try to go back to their old territories or might attack other cats. Another big worry were the villages near Panna Tiger Reserve. The villagers were known to poison or kill these cats to protect their cattle or indulge in poaching. This had reduced the number of tigers in 2009, and the experts feared that the villagers would do it again.
Despite all of these threats, hope was still alive. With the help of National Tiger Conservation Authority, the experts paid 10 lakhs to every family in these villages, asking them to stay farther away from the Tiger Reserve. By then, the experts had brought two more tigresses from Kanha, who were abandoned as cubs, to Panna.
Forming a team with locals and other volunteers, experts observed these relocated cats round the clock, but the cats didn’t mate. That’s when another interesting idea was implemented – the urine technique. Urine of tigresses from Bhopal was collected and sprayed in the vicinity of T3, the relocated male tiger. The urine scent was to lead T3 to T1, the tigress from Kanha. This idea worked wonders!
T1 gave birth to her four litter of cubs on 16th April, 2010. That day, till date, is celebrated as a birthday party by the heroes at the Reserve – a celebration they rightly deserve. From that moment, Panna started winning back its glory. In October that year, another tigress gave birth to her litter of four cubs.
Once on the brink of losing the majestic striped cats, Panna Tiger Reserve, today, has roars echoing in its jungles.
Panna diamonds could never be compared in hardness and fire with other locations in India. Large diamonds have come from this area. The most productive mines were in the 1860s and were found in Sakaria, around 20 miles (32 km) from Panna. Four classifications were given to the Panna diamonds: first, Motichul, clear and brilliant; 2nd, Manik, with a faint orange tint; 3rd, Panna, verging in tint towards green; 4th, Bunsput, sepia coloured. Mines is situated in the interior of Panna district
It is one of the most revered pilgrim places for the Pranami sect followers the world over the temple was completed in 1692. Other than this Padmavati temple, Baldevji temple, Jugal Kishore temple, Gatha falls and Kalinjir fort are worth a visit.